Lviv, one of the most beautiful cities in the world, was founded in the mid XIII century as the capital of a powerful Eastern European state – the Principality of Galicia-Volhynia. Thanks to its unique geographic location at the intersection of main trade routes between the West and the East, during XV–XVII centuries Lviv becomes a leading trade center of Eastern Europe and the largest city in the territory of present-day Ukraine in which people representing all nationalities of the Old World live together and form their communities. Being part of European cultural medium for over half a millennium, Lviv transformed into a true architectural gem and a centre of book publishing, artisanship and arts.
In the XVIII–XX centuries Lviv (then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire) becomes known as a city of technical innovations: in particular, the first university in Ukraine, the Jesuit Academy was founded here, the first periodical newspaper in Ukraine, weekly Gаzette de Leopol was published here, the first Ukrainian political organization, the Supreme Rus Council was founded in Lviv, and pharmacists Johann Zeg and Ignacio Lukasewicz who worked in Lviv’s Under the Golden Star pharmacy have invented the world’s first kerosene (oil) lamp, and many other things.
Today, Lviv is the only city in Ukraine which has preserved medieval planning layout of its central part; the city has over 2,000 architectural landmarks which represent all architectural styles and many different peoples and which can tell the history of foundation and development of the city and the country.
The Ensemble of the Historic Center of Lviv is inscribed as UNESCO World Heritage Site, which became an international recognition of Lviv’s uniqueness.
Walking around Lviv, one can’t but fall in love with the unique and majestic beauty of the city. Everybody, regardless of where he came from, will always find something appealing to him and will surely want to come back to Lviv again and again.
Kamianets-Podilskyi is a city that preserved the spirit of the Middle Ages. Here, you can visit one of the largest fortification complexes in Europe, the fortress which became one of the most important landmarks in world history of fortification architecture. According to old chronicles, the stone fortress was built by Lithuanian princes Koriatovych who ruled Podolia in the 1360’s–1390’s.
The 121-ha Old Town functions as a unique complex separated from the rest of the city by deep Smotrych River canyon.
The Old Town architecture features many examples of culture of different peoples (Ukrainians, Poles, Armenians, Turks, and Russians) and religions (Eastern Orthodox, Catholic, Jewish, and Muslim): XVII century Turkish minaret; XVII century Turkish and Armenian bastions; XIV century St. Nicholas (Armenian) Church; XVIII century wooden Church of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross; XV–XVIII century Dominican and Franciscan monasteries.
Thanks to the unique combination of town planning, architectural, and historical heritage of the Old Town with the landscape of the Smotrych River canyon the Cultural Canyon Landscape was nominated as candidate for the UNESCO World Heritage List.
The National Dendrological Park ‘Sofiyivka’ of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine located in Uman, Cherkasy Oblast is one of the most outstanding examples of world landscape garden design of the late XVIII–first half of the XIX century.
The Sofiyivsky Park was founded in 1796 by rich Polish magnate Count Stanislaw Potocki and named after his beautiful Greek wife Sofia, and was presented to her on her angel’s day in May 1802.
The idea of creating a romantic-style park with elements of Greek and Roman mythology belonged to Sofia herself. Wonderful landscape, exotic plants, antique sculptures, lakes, cascades, fountains, stone grottos – all this opens before the eyes of visitors to the park. For over 200 years this masterpiece of garden and park art impresses the visitors with its sunning beauty. Tourist season in Uman lasts around the year, and the park is crowded with visitors both in summer and in winter.